Commas to separate introductory clauses and phrases

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Aug 25, 2015 · How To Use Commas - Part 1: Clauses - Duration: 12:45. The Grammar Guys 18,878 views Comma After an Introductory Phrase or Clause Resources. Show your students how to give extra information by using an introductory clause to make their sentence a complete thought relevant to what they are writing. Proper use of commas allow your students to develop their own voice in writing, and will make their writing more fluid and ... Commas (in lists) Definition: Use commas to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses in A series. I drove past the market, through the woods, and across the field. The sea animals include sharks, Lobsters, Whales and more. Jul 30, 2014 · A reader asked about commas with subordinate—also known as dependent—clauses.Because the topic covers several issues and because I was already working on one of the sub-topics for another article, I thought I’d answer the question in an article rather than in the comment section.
 

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When to use a comma. Introductory elements often require a comma, but not always. Use a comma in the following cases: After an introductory clause. After a long introductory prepositional phrase or more than one introductory prepositional phrase. After introductory verbal phrases, some appositive phrases, or absolute phrases. If there is a distinct pause. Commas must also be used after introductory clauses, words or phrases that follow the main clause, such as in the following example: "If it stops raining this afternoon, we'll go to the park." Common starter words that indicate an introductory clause that must be followed by a comma include "while," "when," "since," "as" and "after."
 

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You know that a comma sometimes follows an introductory clause, but you're not sure when. This article will teach you just that. A review of how to use commas with dependent clauses, prepositional phrases, and other introductory clauses. COMMA RULE #5 – THE COMMA WITH NONESSENTIAL WORDS, PHRASES, AND CLAUSES: Separate with a comma any nonessential words or groups of words from the rest of the sentence. 1. Separate “interrupter” words like however , nevertheless , yes , no , of course , from the rest of the sentence. You know that a comma sometimes follows an introductory clause, but you're not sure when. This article will teach you just that. A review of how to use commas with dependent clauses, prepositional phrases, and other introductory clauses. An introductory phrase may include more than one prepositional phrase. Place the comma at the end of the entire introductory phrase and before the independent clause begins. On our walk in the woods, we saw a variety of birds. Comma Usage with Introductory Prepositional Phrases A comma is used after a prepositional phrase of four words or more. Put a comma before a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) that separates two independent clauses. Put a comma after introductory words, phrases, or clauses in a sentence. Use commas to set off elements that interrupt or add information in a sentence. Use commas to visually separate distinct but related items.

As you know, an introductory phrase sets the stage for the rest of the sentence. Use this resource to teach your students how to use introductory phrases as they cite text evidence when making predictions. Young editors will read "Josie's Garden" and add commas, periods,... I want to go to the movies, and I want to go to dinner. How the comma is used to set off introductory phrases. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause. You can recognize introductory phrases by Common starter words such as, after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while. With Introductory Phrases. Use commas after introductory words or phrases. Subordinating conjunctions are words that connect, but unlike coordinating conjunctions, which connect equal parts, subordinating conjunctions connect dependent clauses (incomplete thoughts) to independent clauses.

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Rule #4: Use a Comma to Separate a Dependent Clause That Comes BEFORE the Independent Clause. A dependent clause, or subordinate clause, is one that can’t stand alone as a whole sentence. It should be separated from the independent clause that follows it using a comma: If you can’t make it, please call me. After the race, John was exhausted.